Inner coffin of Gua, B1L


knowledge domains
Present location
Europe » Great Britain » (Cities K-N) » London » British Museum

Inventory number: BM EA 30840

Online collections
Find spot
Between Cairo and Assiut » Between Beni Hasan and el-Amarna » East Bank » Deir el-Bersha
Era and Dynasty Dates » Pharaonic Period » Middle Kingdom » 12th Dynasty
Text type
Magic spells
Organic » Wood
Object type
Artefact » Container » Coffin
Hieroglyphs » Cursive Hieroglyphs
Egyptian-Coptic » Egyptian » Middle Egyptian

- de Buck 1954: A. de Buck, The Egyptian Coffin Texts. V. Texts of Spells 355-471, Oriental Institute Publications 73 (Chicago/Ill 1954), V 42f–43g (CT 379), V 44a–e (CT 381), V 44f–h (CT 382).

Bibliographic references

- Barguet 1986: P. Barguet, Les textes des sarcophages égyptiens du Moyen Empire (Paris 1986), 326.

- British Museum 1904: British Museum, A Guide to the First, Second and Third Egyptian Rooms. Predynastic Human Remains, Mummies, Wooden Sarcophagi, Coffins and Cartonnage Mummy Cases, Chests and Coffers, and other Objects connected with the Funerary Rites of the Ancient Egyptians (London 1924).

- Carrier 2004: C. Carrier, Textes des sarcophages du Moyen Empire égyptien. Tome II: spells [355] à [787] (Monaco 2004), 914–915 (CT 379), 916–917 (CT 381 and CT 382).

- Daressy 1900: G. Daressy, Fouilles de Deir el Bircheh (novembre-décembre 1897), in: Annales du Service des antiquités de l’Égypte 1, 1900, 17–43.

- Davies 1995: W. V. Davies, Ancient Egyptian Timber Imports. An Analysis of Wooden Coffins in the British Museum, in: W. V. Davies – L. Schofield (Ed.), Egypt, the Aegean and the Levant. Interconnections in the Second Millennium BC (London 1995), 146–156.

- Faulkner 1977: R. O. Faulkner, The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. Volume II Spells 355 - 787 (Warminster 1977), 13–14.

- Lapp 1993: G. Lapp, Typologie der Särge und Sargkammern von der 6. bis 13. Dynastie, Studien zur Archäologie und Geschichte Altägyptens 7 (Heidelberg 1993), Cat.-No. B21b.

- Lesko 1979: L. H. Lesko, Index of the Spells on Egyptian Middle Kingdom Coffins and Related Documents (Berkeley 1979).

- Nicholson – Shaw 2000: P. T. Nicholson – I. Shaw, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology (Cambridge 2000).

- Pommerening – Willems 2020: T. Pommerening – H. Willems, Unravelling Daressy’s excavations of the five shafts in front of the tomb of Djehutihotep at Dayr al-Barshā (in print).

- Stegbauer 2015: K. Stegbauer, Magie als Waffe gegen Schlangen in der ägyptischen Bronzezeit (Borsdorf 2015), 163–164 (Spell 8 = 379), 164–165 (Spell 9 = 381) and 165 (Spell 10 = 382) (

- Strudwick 2006: N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt. The British Museum (London 2006).

- Willems 1988: H. Willems, Chests of Life. A Study of the Typology and Conceptual Development of Middle Kingdom Standard Class Coffins, Mededelingen en Verhandelingen van het vooraziatisch-egyptisch Genootschap „Es Oriente Lux“ 15 (Leiden 1988).

- Willems et al. 2006: H. Willems et al., Preliminary Report of the 2003 Campaign of the Belgian Mission to Deir al-Barsha, in: Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Abteilung Kairo 62, 2006, 307–339 and pl. 55–64.

A complete bibliography can be found here.

Dr. Katharina Stegbauer
Author of metadata
Dr. Peter Dils

Translation and Commentary

For complete metadata, translation, and commentary, see German version.